Forced_Perspective_(Jeppe_Olsen_at_Flickr).jpg
Jeppe Olsen @ Flickr.com
Multiplicity_by_--darren--_at_Flickr.jpg
::darren:: @ Flickr.com
Long_Exposure_MSH_at_Flickr.jpg
Marc Barker @ Flickr.com














Trick photography involves using different optical illusions, visual effects and special effects to create creative and sometimes mind boggling pictures. Some examples of popular trick photography techniques are forced perspective and long exposure. Some techniques require the use of props, or image editing, but some techniques can be pulled off with just the camera. Keep in mind that there are tons more different types of trick photography, I'm only going to talk about two of the popular methods. Most of these trick photography techniques were created through experimentation. Let your imagination run wild and start taking some tricky photos! (That sounded really, really cheesy...)

If you click on the image, you will be taken to the page where the image was found. Most of these pictures are from Flickr, so you'll be taken to the Flickr page of the image. :D





Forced Perspective

Forced_Perspective_(Jibby!_at_Flickr).jpg
Jibby! @ Flickr.com

Sometimes, it's all about the timing!

Forced perspective is one of the more popular types of trick photography.
It involves using optical illusions to make things seem closer or further way, or larger or smaller than they actually are.
Usually, you only need a camera to take these kinds of shots, no Photoshop required. This is why people like it so much.

Forced_Perspective_(Alexandre_Duarte_at_Flickr).jpg
Alexandre Duarte @ Flickr.com
Forced_Perspective_(unknown_source_4).jpg
Ben Heine

To do this, the object that is supposed to look closer or larger should be positioned closer to the camera. The object that's supposed to look smaller should be positioned further away from the camera


Forced_Perspective_(Waleed_Almotar_at_Flickr).jpg
Waleed Almotar @ Flickr.com
Forced_Perspective_(Chaval_Brasil_at_Flickr).jpg
Chaval Brasil @ Flickr.com

Forced_Perspective_(Paul_Riding_at_Flickr).jpg
Paul Riding @ Flickr.com

You can use anything as a prop. Seriously, anything!




Forced_Perspective_(unknown_source).jpg
Unknown Photographer
Forced_Perspective_(unknown_source_3).jpg
Unknown Photographer

In both of these images, the camera was upside down. In the first picture, it makes it look like the person is falling off the Earth. In the second picture, the two guys look like they're hanging on something in the sky.

You can also rotate the camera at different angles to capture gravity defying images.
For example, if you turn the camera sideways, the wall becomes the ground and you can take pictures of people walking on buildings.
Turning the camera upside down makes it look like the person is trying not to fall into the sky or they are stuck tot he ceiling.
You can also turn the camera at other angles to make it look like a person is climbing up a wall towards the viewer.
Check out sgoralnick's alternate reality gravity photoset on Flickr for some examples of this.



Ironman.jpgGreenHornet1.jpgWALL-E.jpg

Forced Perspective can also be used to make toys in photos look real. The toy is positioned closer to the camera so it looks larger than it is. A backdrop is then placed behind it and the lighting is positioned in specific ways to make the toy look more realistic. Action figures are usually used in this type of photo. Check out this website for tips and more examples of toy photography. Check out these websites for more examples of toy photography: click and click and click and click.

For more examples of Forced Perspective, click here!





Long Exposure


Shutter_speed_waterfall_(by_Gregory_F._Maxwell).gif
by Gregory F. Maxwell
Long exposure is when you increase the length of time the film or the image sensor of a camera is exposed to light; making the shutter speed slower.
A slower shutter speed catches more light (therefore more movement) and blurs those movements together.
A faster shutter speed captures fewer movements and you end up with a cleaner, more crisp image.

As you can see from the image to the left, the slower shutter speed (1 second) captured more movements and they are all blurred together to create a smooth, softer looking waterfall.
The faster shutter speed (1/800 second) captures fewer movements and you can each drop of water more clearly rather than a wall of water.
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Long_Exposure_(Paulo_Brandão_at_Flickr).jpg
Paulo Brandão @ Flickr.com (Exposure: 124 sec)
Long_Exposure_(Matthew_Fang_at_Flickr).jpg
Matthew Fang @ Flickr.com (Exposure: 117.4 sec)
Long_Exposure_(Insight_Imaging_John_A_Ryan_at_Flickr).jpg
Insight Imaging: John A Ryan @ Flickr.com


Long exposure shots are generally used to take pictures at night to boost the brightness of the scene (having the shutter open longer catches more light).
It can also be used to take more tranquil/dreamy looking images or more artsy looking pictures, particularly of moving water or moving lights.

To take long exposure shots, you will need a tripod. The camera can not be moved while taking long exposure shots, because bumping the camera will cause the camera to move and you will end up with an extremely blurry picture. Some photographers suggest using a remote control to control the shutter because pressing the button on the camera may cause the camera to move.

Another type of long exposure that you can try out is following a certain object that is moving by panning. This creates a blurry background with one sharp/clear focal point (assuming you did a really good job of panning).

For more examples of Long Exposure, click here!



Other Methods


As I said earlier, there are a lot of different tricks you can use while taking trick photos; too many to talk about on this page.
So I've linked some other pages for you to check out if you're curious! (These methods usually require Photoshop or another image editing program.)

Ryan Anger @ Flickr.com
Ryan Anger @ Flickr.com

Transparent Screen Trick: click and click
Colin Smith @ PhotoshopCAFE.com
Colin Smith @ PhotoshopCAFE.com

HDR (High Dynamic Range): click

teppistella @ Flickr.com
teppistella @ Flickr.com

Tilt-shift: click and click


Klaire Lee @ Flickr.com
Klaire Lee @ Flickr.com

Lomo Photography: click


crazy-1.jpg
Digital Photography Club
crazy-example-2.jpg
Digital Photography Club

Infrared: click

Augusta (MeFind) @ Flickr.com
Augusta (MeFind) @ Flickr.com

Multiplicity: click and click


catherine_lucy @ Flickr.com
catherine_lucy @ Flickr.com
Unknown Photographer
Unknown Photographer

Floating People/Objects: click

For other tricks, check out this website: click





References:


http://www.thephotoargus.com/inspiration/28-mind-bending-examples-of-optical-illusion-photography/

http://www.photoshopcafe.com/tutorials/HDR_ps/hdr-ps.htm

http://www.lightstalking.com/20-special-effects-photography-tutorials

http://www.smashandpeas.com/tilt-shift-photography-tutorial-showcase/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_effect

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_perspective

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shutter_speed

http://photoextremist.com/

http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/how-to/tips/how-to-trick-photography

http://tutorialpulse.com/photoshop-tutorials/lomo/

http://www.designzzz.com/forced-perspective-pictures/

http://www.brighthub.com/multimedia/photography/articles/854.aspx

http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/08/07/beautiful-examples-of-transparent-screen-trick-photos/

http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2008/11/16/beautiful-examples-of-tilt-shift-photography/

http://trick-photography.org/

http://themesbank.com/blog/2011/10/01/awesome-trick-photography-examples/

http://www.instantshift.com/2010/08/24/88-brilliant-examples-of-forced-perspective-photography/

http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/creative-transparent-screen-trick-photos/

http://sixrevisions.com/photography/breathtaking-examples-of-long-exposure-photography/

http://www.digital-photography-school.com/long-exposure-photography

http://www.photopoly.net/5-tips-for-better-toy-photography/

http://www.facebook.com/pages/Toys-Photography/108549205879948
http://www.instantshift.com/2010/08/24/88-brilliant-examples-of-forced-perspective-photography/
http://toyphotography.tumblr.com/

http://www.thephotoargus.com/inspiration/35-extraordinarily-clever-examples-of-toy-photography/
long exposure will give you great results because it keeps your shutter open longer to capture and blur the movements together
are generally used to take pictures at night to boost the brightness of the scene (having the shutter open longer catches more light).

http://www.photoshopcafe.com/tutorials/HDR_ps/hdr-ps.htm
On your wikipages... Research & list...

Camera Angles (http://www.mediaknowall.com/camangles.html)
- bird's eye view (looking down from above)
- worm's eye view (looking up from below)
- high angle (looking slightly down from above the eye line)
- low angle (looking up from below the eye line, but not on the floor)
- eye level (self explanatory)
- over the shoulder (self explanatory)
- point of view/first person (self explanatory)
- oblique/canted angle (dutch tilt)

Shot Lengths (http://www.mediaknowall.com/camangles.html)
- extreme long shot (veeery far away, usually used outdoors)
- long shot
- medium shot (half body)
- close-up
- extreme close-up (a.k.a. macro)

Types of Lighting (http://www.digital-photography-school.com/9-lighting-types-to-harness-improve-your-photography)
- side lighting
- back lighting
- rim lighting
- ambient light
- soft/diffuse light
- hard light
- spotlight
- artificial light
- various combinations of the above




Tiananmen Square 1989 (http://digitaljournalist.org/issue0309/lm25.html)



Pablo Picasso: Drawing with Light (http://life.time.com/culture/picasso-drawing-with-light/?iid=lf%7Clatest#9)


3. On your personal wikipage (the one you used for your photography/video research topics) insert a line to divide the page and the 2 images you've chosen to work on. Comment on the photo, the era, circumstances of the photo and discuss HOW the image made an impact on people (society, history?, people's thoughts/ideas/beliefs... etc). In other words, consider and discuss the ways the photo changed the world. WHAT did viewers respond to in the photo?

All writing must be in your OWN words. Use citations/references.


Consider the following:

Story - All photographs tell the viewer something about what is happening in the world around them and that great photos enable a viewer to feel what is happening and have an emotional response to the image. The old proverb says a picture is worth 1000 words, this is a great opportunity to discuss how that applies to the concept of story in photos.

Audience - Photos that are meant to elicit a response from the audience. Discuss with students how well composed photos would mean different things to different genres of people: age, sex, gender, ethnicity, and beliefs.

Message - The message of an image is what the photographer is trying to convey in terms of intended outcome, such as anti-war, propaganda, a warning to others, etc.

Style - How the image is composed? is he/she attempting to stop action, or show movement? Is the image in color/black and white. Like music and other artists, photographers have their own unique style.