Architectural Photography

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Exterior Architectural Photography

  • Photographers usually take advantage of the day light
  • At night photographers use ambient lights, streetlights, exterior building lights, moonlight and landscape lights
  • Make sure there is no unwanted objects in the way
  • Use colour to enhance the dept and the three-dimensional aspect of the building
  • Use natural light to alter how the building will look in the photograph by waiting for the appropriate time where the light hits the building that will enhance it.
  • Shadows can set the mood and make the image more striking
  • Stand farther away from the building in case you will need to crop the image or to adjust the image so it doesn't seem like the building is leaning
  • Use a wide angled lens or a zoom lens

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Interior Architectural Photography

  • Do not use flash for it will create unwanted shadows and may blur out some details, only use flash if it is for a flat surface such as walls where the colour is not too bold to bounce off the light of the flash
  • Clean up everything and make sure there isn't too many items that may distract the eye
  • Recommended time to take an interior photo is in the middle of the day when the colour temperature of the light is not too blue and is not too strong for it will create shadows
  • Turn on all the lights in the room to add dept

Sometimes taking a picture of the whole building is not possible. Architectural designs in the buildings and details can make a very strong image if it is taken from the right angle, with the right lighting and the right composition. Once again use light and shadows to create dept in the details. Stand as close as possible or use a zoom lens. Crop out any unwanted distractions for the attention to be directed to the detail.
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The first photograph ever taken was by Nicéphore Niépce of some buildings in his hometown is considered the first architectural photograph.
Because of the appreciation of society for architecture and their cultural significance, architectural photography became an established visual medium by the 1860's.
By the 1950's, architects started to hire architectural photographers to take pictures of their work.

Camera Angles

  • Neutral
  • High angle
  • Eye level
  • Low angle shot
  • Bird's eye angle shot
  • Worm's eye shot
  • Over the shoulder

Shot lengths

  • Exterme long shot
  • Long shot
  • Medium shot
  • Close up
  • Extreme close up

Types of Lightning

  • Front lighting
  • side lighting
  • back lighting
  • three-point lighting
  • Diffuse lighting